Original Article: https://pets.webmd.com/dogs/guide/house-training-your-puppy
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To build a stronger loving bond with your puppy and integrate good habits, you need to be patient and consistent during the process of house training your pet.
Usually, it takes around 4 to 6 months to fully house train a puppy, but that may take up to a year for some bread. You can predict the average training duration by the size of your puppy. For example, breeds with small sizes have tinier bladders and a greater metabolism, which means that they need to go more often outside than larger-sized races. Added to that, the past living conditions of your puppy are another predictor that you need to take into consideration. You will need to give extra time to help your puppy break free from the old bad habits and replace them with better new ones.
While training your puppy, there will undoubtedly be setbacks. Just make sure to stick to a management program. Keep an eye on your puppy and look for signs that he needs to go out, and don’t forget to treat him well no matter what, he will eventually learn.
The Right Time to Start Training Your Puppy at Home
According to experts, it is recommended to start the house training when your pet is aged 12-16 weeks. By that time, he is mature enough to know how to control his bladder and bowel movement and to be able to hold it.
In case you brought your puppy home at the age of 12 weeks or more, and you notice that he is eliminating a lot in the cage (or even eating his waste), the process of house training your dog is likely going to take longer time. Rewarding and encouraging your puppy will help you adjust your its behavior.
Steps You Need to Follow While Potty Training Your Puppy
It is recommended to restrict your puppy in a specific space, especially during the early stages of his training. It can be in a room, a crate, or on a leash. Then, the more you advance in the training process, the more space you’ll open up for your puppy.
Stick to these steps for maximum efficiency while house training your puppy:
- Stick to a feeding schedule and keep the food away between meals.
- Make a habit to take your puppy outside to eliminate as a first act in the morning and then every 30 mins to an hour. During the day, make sure to take out your pet after meals and after a nap. Don’t forget to check him before leaving him alone at home or last thing before you go to sleep at night.
- Mark a spot and take your puppy there every time he wants to eliminate. He will get used to that spot, and his sense will cue him to go.
- When you take him outside, stay close to him until he’s finished.
- Treat or praise your puppy every time he eliminates outside.
Train Your Puppy with a Crate
A very effective method to train your puppy at home is using a crate. That will help you in keeping an eye on him and look for signs that he needs to go. The goal of training your puppy with a crate is teaching him how to hold himself from eliminating and stand by until you open the container to go and do it outside.
Here are some regulations for using a crate:
- Make sure to get a large crate for your pet. Large enough for him to turn around, lie down, and stand, but not too large in a way that encourages him to use the edges or the corners as a toilet.
- Keep your puppy well hydrated if you are planning to use the crate for more than two hours. It is preferable to keep fresh water in a dispenser that can be easily attached to the container.
- If you are busy during the day and you can’t make it home during the training of your puppy, assign someone else to give him breaks during the day, especially during the first eight months.
- Using a crate is useful, but you need to make sure to get rid of it if your pet starts to eliminate frequently inside the container. The are many causes of developing such a bad manner: maybe you got your puppy from a pet store or a shelter where he was used to passing most of the day inside a cage; the crate is so large for him; he is not going out enough, or he can just be so young to hold it.
Signs That Your Puppy Needs to go Outside
Sniffing, circling, barking, whining, or, if he is unconfined, scratching the door, they are all signs that your puppy needs to go out.
Setbacks of House Training
You should know that accidents are widespread in puppies up to a year old. That’s why you have to be patient and keep yourself calm when such things happen. There are many reasons for these accidents. They range from a change in the environment for the puppy to an incomplete training.
Don’t stop the training when your puppy has an accident. It may take a while for him to get used to it. If you find a problem with that and your puppy doesn’t seem to respond to the training, consider consulting a vet to check him and eliminate any medical problem.
Potty training Your Puppy
These are the most important do’s and don’ts that you need to consider while training your puppy :
- Don’t ever punish your puppy, even if you have a strong urge to do. Punishing your puppy will make him fear you.
- Clap when you catch your puppy in the middle of the act. That will make him know that he has done something inappropriate. Then you need to take him outside to finish his act by taking him softly by the collar or by calling him. Once he’s finished, give him a treat.
- If you couldn’t catch him in the middle of the act, but you found the evidence, try to stay as calm as possible. Especially, don’t yell at him or rub his nose in it. Intellectually, puppies aren’t able to establish a connection between your anger and the accident.
- Consider staying longer time outside with your puppy. That would help in controlling the urination process.
- Use an enzymatic cleaner to clean the pee and keep your puppy away from the spot. It is more effective in minimizing the odors than an ammonia-based cleaner.
Puppies are the most fabulous friends you can get. Not only are they friendly and cute, but they’re also trustworthy and will remain by your side till their last day of their lives. When a new puppy enters your home, it gets a plethora of conflicting emotions, and that’s why you may find it hard to potty train it at first. Take your time, be forgiving, follow our tips and tricks, and the house-training process will be effortless.
Did you try potty training a puppy before? How did it go? Feel free to share your stories, tips, and tricks in the comments!